Women In Ministry
1 Corinthians 14:34-35: Let your women keep silence in the churches: for it is not permitted unto them to speak; but they are commanded to be under obedience, as also saith the law. 35 And if they will learn any thing, let them ask their husbands at home: for it is a shame for women to speak in the church.
1 Timothy 2:9-15: In like manner also, that women adorn themselves in modest apparel, with shamefacedness and sobriety; not with broided hair, or gold, or pearls, or costly array; 10 But (which becometh women professing godliness) with good works. 11 Let the woman learn in silence with all subjection. 12 But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence. 13 For Adam was first formed, then Eve. 14 And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression. 15 Notwithstanding she shall be saved in childbearing, if they continue in faith and charity and holiness with sobriety.
The Teachers Commentary on 1 Timothy 2:12: I suffer not a woman to teach.
Evidently this prohibition refers only to the public assembly of the churches. Several passages show that women were active in the gospel work of that period.
Acts 18:26: And he began to speak boldly in the synagogue: whom when Aquila and Priscilla had heard, they took him unto them, and expounded unto him the way of God more perfectly.
Acts 21:8-8: And the next day we that were of Paul*s company departed, and came unto Caesarea: and we entered into the house of Philip the evangelist, which was one of the seven; and abode with him. 9 And the same man had four daughters, virgins, which did prophesy.
Romans 16:1: I commend unto you Phebe our sister, which is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea: 2 That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever business she hath need of you: for she hath been a succourer of many, and of myself also. 3 Greet Priscilla and Aquila my helpers in Christ Jesus:
Philippians 4:3: And I intreat thee also, true yokefellow, help those women which laboured with me in the gospel, with Clement also, and with other my fellowlabourers, whose names are in the book of life.
In making this prohibition Paul doubtless had in mind the women spoken of in 1 Timothy 5 and in 2 Timothy 3:6.
1 Timothy 5:11-15: But the younger widows refuse: for when they have begun to wax wanton against Christ, they will marry; 12 Having damnation, because they have cast off their first faith. 13 And withal they learn to be idle, wandering about from house to house; and not only idle, but tattlers also and busybodies, speaking things which they ought not. 14 I will therefore that the younger women marry, bear children, guide the house, give none occasion to the adversary to speak reproachfully. 15 For some are already turned aside after Satan.
2 Timothy 3:6: For of this sort are they which creep into houses, and lead captive silly women laden with sins, led away with divers lusts,
The Geneva Bible Notes on 1 Timothy 2:12: But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence.
The first argument, why it is not lawful for women to teach in the congregation, because by this means they would be placed above men, for they would be their masters: and this is against God*s ordinance.
When there is no man who knows the Bible available to teach it, it is certainly God*s will for a woman who knows the Bible to teach it. It is also better that a person who has been born again be the one to teach the Bible. A woman who has been born again is obviously more qualified to teach the Bible than a man who has not been born again.